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Posts in category 05.26.00: Safety of of human activity

Gerasimov E. M.
Two concepts for the development of Arctic hydrocarbon deposits

Based on the analysis of accident management techniques in the Gulf of Mexico on the Deepwater Horizon platform and experiments on a controlled gas fountain, it is justified the need to re-equip drilling and operational platforms with new antifracture equipment to ensure environmentally safe and accident-free development of hydrocarbon deposits in the Arctic continental shelf; the method for the destruction of the ice field using the ice head energy and the device for its implementation are proposed.

Grunskoiy T. V., Kaplina M. V., Sokhodon G. V.
Assessment of the severity and intensity of work at the workplaces of the underground personnel of the Yarega heavy oil mines

In oil mines of the Yarega heavy oil field, the majority of jobs correspond to the 3rd class of working conditions (hazardous) – rates 3.1-3.3, under which the maximum permissible levels of exposure to hazardous factors are exceeded in comparison with the permissible values. The procedure for determining the integral score of the severity and intensity of work is based on the use of materials of a special assessment of working conditions conducted in accordance with the methodology for conducting a special assessment of working conditions in accordance with Federal Law No. 426 of December 23, 2013 and attestation of workplaces held before 1 January 2014 in accordance with the requirements of the “Procedure for the certification of workplaces for working conditions”, approved by order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development No. 342n of April 26, 2011. To assess the degree of compliance of the state of working conditions with regulatory requirements and the degree to which the deviations from the normative values of labor conditions factors affect the human body, a system of special scores is used (a six-score system is assigned in accordance with the class or subclass of working conditions).

Kopeykin V. А.
The problem of disposal of radioactive waste

The article is devoted to the disposal of nuclear waste, historical and regulatory review of this issue. In the article considered the situation in the Vodnyi of the Komi Republic. Сleaning and disposal of radioactive waste located in this village are needed, it is also recommended to include residents of Vodnyi to category «residing in the radiation-controlled area» and register them for the prescribed medical supervision and assign of the benefits proposed by the law.

Klimova I. V., Fatkhutdinov R. I.
Control and preventive inspections as a basis for production control at hazardous production facilities

Production control over observance of requirements of industrial safety and labor protection (further production control or PC), as one of the most important elements of management system of industrial safety and labor protection at hazardous production facilities (HPF) is a key factor in creating conditions for trouble-free operation of the HPF and reduce occupational injuries data objects. The introduction of the PC in the enterprise is the first step in the formation of an effective of management system of industrial safety and labor protection (further management system or MSISLP). The article provides an overview of oil companies standards for the PC and the data of the results of the control and preventive inspections, identified their main advantages and disadvantages. On the basis of the identified deficiencies ways of their elimination.

Berdnik A. G., Berdnik M. M.
Risk factors in the field of industrial safety

The analysis of statistical data on violations of oil and gas facilities were the causes of accidents and fatal injuries. It identifies a number of factors, which are more influenced by the level of industrial safety organization. Each factor was considered in view of the prevailing socio-ekonomic relations in modern society. Established causation between risk factors at hazardous production facilities. The scheme.

Grunskoiy T. V., Perkhutkin V. P.
Management of the underground employment of safety mining in oil mines Yaregskaya field

In the context of the intensification of oil mining method of particular relevance in the safety management takes timely and reliable information about the conditions of employment of staff before and after the technical upgrade tools. Management capabilities increase with the functional restructuring of the controlled system with subsequent regulation of processes occurring in it. This control provides a system upgrade for its function-conditioning with maximum efficiency.
The work is dedicated to the implementation of the methodological principles of safety management through better information to provide, followed by the identification of the priority of the negative factors of production to reduce their levels. This mechanism of safety management with the intensification of tunnel works provided a comprehensive assessment of the impact of the procedure of negative factors on workers.

Tskhadaya N. D., Bykov A. I.
To calculate some baseline data for assessing the potential fire risk of the linear part of gas pipeline

It is shown that the evaluation of the potential fire risk P(r) (annum-1) for a point x at distance r from the axis of the main gas pipeline (hereinafter – MG) depends on a number of initial parameters. Existing methods consider the calculation of these parameters in the most general form. Example of calculation of initial parameters to identify potential fire risk P(r) (annum-1) in the emergency section at break of the linear part of main gas pipeline is dedicated to this article.

Zakharov D. Y., Yamaeva E. G., Shcherbatyuk Y. V.
Improvement of quality of administrative and production controlling by involvement of employers of all levels in process of dangers search

For safe and qualitative work of industry objects, it is necessary to have the effective system of administrative and industrial control. The main difficulty in the creating of such system is coordination of its levels.
In this article the usage of the system with the help of which every worker of an enterprise can identify sources of danger, denote them thus prevent accidents is proposed.

Valiev V. N., Strovsky V. E.
Substantiation of directions of environmental activity in a mining enterprise

The article reveals the contents of the environmental performance in terms of mining enterprises in the transition from ecologized to a green strategy. Distinctive features of resource-saving and environment protection environmental policy, as well as the effectiveness of the implementation of environmentally sound technologies in terms of environmental resources and payback. Based on the experience of formation of the organizational structure with the open method of field development and the results of the analysis of job descriptions and positions about departments proposals on the allocation of responsibilities of environmental service workers. Recommended list of duties reflects all areas of environmental activities: production, organizational and administrative, control and regulating, personnel, financial and environmental. The content of the duties associated with the content of environmental activities, and interaction environmental services – conjugated functional departments of the administrative apparatus, the main, auxiliary and service shops.

Shkulova N. V., Ivanova E. S., Guseinov Y. S.
Method of improving the efficiency of the heat exchange equipment of the hot water boiler ТВГ-8М on terms of the long life service

The processes of incrustation are caused by huge amounts of dissolved salts in the heat medium. When being exploited the evaporation of the heat medium leads to the ion concentration in it and reaches its satiation. Further increase of the ion concentration leads to scaling. Heated shielding pipes are subjected to scaling more than any other elements of the heat generator.
Scaling makes the exploitation of the heat boiler more difficult and leads to some negative effects: valve exchange piping is reduced, heating area is overheated, fuel consumption is increased, fan efficiency is reduced, service life of the system is decreased, extra restorations grow in number, and consequently restoration and service
costs are increased.
There are two main methods of descaling: chemical and non-chemical. When the chemical method is applied acid solvents are used for descaling. The nonchemical method is introduced in RD 153-34.1-37.410-00 and it is composed of magnetic, mechanical, hydromechanical, electrohydropulsed and ultrasonic methods.
The non-chemical ultrasonic method of descaling is the most preferable in ecological and economic aspects as it makes it possible to carry out descaling when the heat generating equipment is being exploited without switching it off. This method is widely used in power systems, but it can’t be applied in heat generators with the complicated geometry of shielding pipes.
The ultrasonic method based on acoustic cavitation is the most effective one, because without having close contact with the descaled surface the intensity of ultrasonic field in the liquid is distributed evenly thus making it possible to descale the surfaces with the complicated geometry.
The use of ultrasonic cavitation method in the boilers TVG-8M is considered in this abstract. The acoustic converters (D) connected with the external piping of the heat generator are offered to use. The ultrasonic cavitation method and the scheme of connection of acoustic converters to the external piping of the boiler TVG-8M allow to distribute the cavitation field of descaling in the calorific surface of shielding pipes to its limit and the special design of the node of connection makes it possible to eliminate negative effects of ultrasonic alternating fluctuations to the walls of the pipes of the heat exchanger.
The technological process of descaling of the heat exchanging surfaces of TVG-8M can be carried out in the exploitation as well as in the off-preventive modes.
Applying the acoustic cavitation method of descaling in the internal surface of the heat exchange in the boilers TVG-8M makes it possible to keep the design sizes of the heat generator at the adjusted hydraulic parameters during the whole life service and to make fuel consumption effective due to the lack of scaling on the surfaces of the heat exchange thus providing trouble-free operation of the heat generator.

Zakharov D. Y., Utkina Yu. I.
Historical overview of the development of labor law in Russia in the aspect of accounting and investigation of accidents on production

History of labour safety development in Russia is closely related to labour rights in general. In the article history is considered from the imperial period of time and before, the existence of serfage-almost the labour of slaves, did not give a possibility for the development of such notion as labour safety. It is proposed to divide the development of labour right on 6 stages. The modern period can be divided on enumeration and investigation of accidents in 90s and nowadays, as these two stages have definitive differences.

Zakharov D. Y., Yamaeva E. G.
The check list method for risk reduction in well construction

Statistical data about accident rate during oil and gas production reveals the fact that drilling equipment defects and low discipline in workplace are main reasons for accidents in the process of well construction. In this article the use of the shift-time check list for examination of drill equipment and appropriate software support are suggested as a means of accident reduction.

Pyatibrat V. P., Salnikov A. V.
Evaluation of the effectiveness the oil-spill booms on water flows

The article deals with the effectiveness of oil-spill booms to contain the accidental oil and oil products spills on watercourses. Particular attention is paid to the construction of a mathematical model to estimate the maximum amount of oil retained on the height of the underwater part of the boom.

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