(Russian) В статье указаны факторы, влияющие на работоспособность технологических машин нефтяной и горной отраслей промышленности при их круглогодичной работе в условиях внешней среды. Рассматривается влияние погодноклиматического фактора на работоспособность таких машин Погодно-климатический фактор является одним из наиболее неблагоприятных – с ним связано 17 % отказов механического оборудования машины. Предложено учитывать влияние погодно-климатического фактора на работу карьерных экскаваторов через комплексный показатель – индекс жесткости погоды, учитывающий влияние параметров как холодного, так и жаркого климата на протяжении всего календарного времени работы машины.
Posts in category Machine Building and Engineering
Ivanov S. L., Ivanova P. V., Kuvshinki S. Y., Shibanov D. A. Assessment of the impact of weather and climate factors on the fault tolerance of the equipment of the mineral complex
Birillo I. N., Shishkin I. V., Kuzbozhev P. A.Research of influence and nature of the dynamic loading of technological pipeline of gas-distribution station
(Russian) В процессе эксплуатации газораспределительной станции на технологической трубопроводной обвязке узла редуцирования, помимо статической нагрузки от давления транспортируемого газа (трубопровод высокого давления), наблюдается динамическая вибрационная нагрузка (трубопровод низкого давления). В статье описаны результаты исследования механических характеристик металла трубопроводной обвязки, приведен сравнительный анализ показателей механических характеристик относительно условий эксплуатации. Исследован и визуализирован характер динамической нагрузки на узле редуцирования.
Yagubov Z. Kh., Shichev P. S. To the question of the development of the structure of an automated system for technical diagnostics of pumping units in oil mines
In the article sets out forth recommendations for resolving general issues related to the organization of an automated monitoring and control system for the technical diagnostics of pumps operated in oil mines. Submitted a generalized structure and description of the composition and functions of the levels of the typical automated diagnostic system, submitted a principled the order of the work of the system. Designated the general requirements for control and measurement, operation and signaling equipment of the automated diagnostic system. It is noted availability the necessary’s to create a system of devices serially produced by domestic manufacturers. It is noted availability the necessaries devices to create systems that are serial releasing by domestic manufacturers. Keywords: technical diagnostics, automated system for techni
Vishnevskaya N. S., Garin M. A.Maintaining the reliability of ball valves during operation in winter in the Far North
One of the most important tasks determining the safety of the environment during operation and maintenance of ball valves in the winter in the Far North is the efficiency and trouble-free operation of the gas pipeline.
The frequency of the complex of operations TO-2 is carried out according to the approved schedule of work 1 every 6 months.
Seasonal maintenance of the TO-2 is carried out in the preparation of valves for the autumn-winter and summer periods of operation.
The restoration of the ball valve performance is presented in two variants: 1 – without a project; 2 – with a project.
Mihajlović S., Simić N., Dobrilović D., Desnica E., Radosav D.Internet of Things and WSN technology applications in Oil and Gas industry
Digital technologies are a considerable factor in the oil and gas industry. In the post-Internet global information era, the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm is consid-ered as both technology and economic wave. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) repre-sent one of the key enabling technologies for IoT. IoT connects all things to the Internet and between each other and achieves the goal of intelligent identifying, managing, monitoring, locating, and tracking as well. In this paper WSN and IoT some interesting applications in oil and gas industries around world were represented.
Marenich K. N., Dubinka E. S.Suppression of the reverse energy flow of an induction motor as a factor of increasing the electrical safety of the electrical complex
The industrial operation of mine precinct electrical complexes is associated with the probability and risks of damaging flexible cables of power connections and, as a consequence, the occurrence of accidents and hazardous electrical conditions.
It is established that the protective shutdown function of multi-machine, power-ful electrical systems is insufficient, and priority should be given to automatic two-way de-energization of emergency power connections.
The rationality of the effect of induction-dynamic braking of an induction motor of a consumer as a means of suppressing its reverse energy flow in the case of an emergency (dangerous) condition of the supply cable is proved
Ivenina I. V, Smirnov Yu. G., Lyutoev A. A.Method of express analysis of residual oil containing water
The paper describes a method for express analysis of the composition of water samples for the content of residual oil in them using a series of calibration solutions on a spectrophotometer using the wavelengths of the visible part of the spectrum. The method can be used for express diagnostics of water purification efficiency from oil pollution.
Morozova Z. V., Salnikov A. V. Development of a protective coating for structures with increased corrosion resistance and icing resistance
The article deals with the development of protective coatings of structures with high corrosion resistance and resistance to leaking. Based on analytical and experimental studies, a multi-layer composite design of the protective coating was proposed and its components were selected, its effectiveness was experimentally evaluated.
Bykov I. Yu., Chuprov I. F., Oskorbin I. A. Methods of statistical evaluation of the dynamics of dehydration of fixed volumes of oil emulsions under the influence of a rotating electromagnetic field
The article describes the method of statistical evaluation of the separation of resistant oil emulsions under the influence of a rotating electromagnetic field. At the same time, verification procedures were performed to assess the reliability of experimental results. Single-factor dependences are obtained for the predictive calculation of the water content parameter S as a function of the induction value B of a rotating electromagnetic field with a known optimal exposure time t. The dependence B = f(S) at t = const was also obtained, which allows us to estimate the magnitude of induction B of the rotating electromagnetic field required for the process to achieve a given value of water content S when the oil emulsion is dehydrated. A two-factor dependence of the form S = f(B, t) was also obtained, which allows to evaluate the efficiency of dewatering the emulsion in the case of various combinations of the parameters B and t. The quality assessment of the two-factor linear model was made by a statistical method.
Yushin E. S.Technical development of domestic and foreign key designs for working with oil and gas pipes and sucker rods
In this article, an analysis is made of the technical development of existing key designs for manual and mechanized screwing and unscrewing of threaded joints of oil and gas pipes and sucker rods.
Pantileenko V. N.Use of expanded polystyrene concrete for bulk-block construction in the Northern conditions
The erection of buildings from ready-made object blocks in the Arctic zone al-lows to significantly reduce the construction time due to the transfer of more than two-thirds of the works to the factory conditions. The developed material for these purposes (expanded polystyrene concrete) allows reducing the weight of the box-boxes by 25–30 % with a significant increase in crack resistance and durability.
The possibility of using local raw materials for making building structures from fine-grained concrete in the Northern climatic zone is considered. To improve the properties of such concrete, impregnation with liquid glass is applied, which provides an increase in strength of 3–4 times and is necessary for operation under these conditions of durability.
Lyutoev A. A, Bykov I. Yu., Smirnov Yu. G.Magnetic separator for water purification from emulsified particles of oil
Research of the magnetic separator designed for water purification from emulsified oil products, together with highly dispersed magnetic nanoparticles is carried out in this work. Some structural features are identified for it and the principal diagram of the implementation of installation is proposed. In particular, simulation of the magnetic field of the magnets NeFeB is carried out. Due to this the size of the ferromagnetic cartridge is determined. In addition, the optimal arrangement of steel rods for magnetic cartridge is defined.
Pantileenko V. N., Oglotkin V. A.Frost resistance of concrete with the addition of expanded polystyrene
In construction it is necessary to solve questions of improvement of quality, durability, effectiveness of concrete and reinforced concrete. One of the major reasons for the increase of durability and lifetime of structures is to increase the frost resistance of concrete.
Frost resistance determines the durability and reliable operation of the structures. Frost destruction of concrete reduces the lifespan of structures, reduces the time between overhauls cycles, leading to high costs for repair and recovery.
Research topic involves the implementation of scientific and practical researches in the field of increase of frost resistance of concrete due to the use of polystyrene foam.
Kolominova M. V.The study of the work of pickers of logging residues in terms of power inputs and labor costs
Clearing felling of forest residues is a major process logging. Enabling technologies for the operation and promotion of natural regeneration is the technology with the use of picker crane and rake type. In the article the technique of calculation time of specific power inputs and specific labor costs for various ways of skidding for these types of equipment.
When removing unwanted shoots in the railway line can be used machine with a manipulator. The article deals with simulation of a spherical workspace of the manipulator are specified restrictions reduce the actual size of the working area of the manipulator. Presents the scheme of determining the limits of the workspace with the corresponding mathematical dependencies, taking into account design features of the vehicle and the railway track.
Isaev A. A., Takhautdinov R. Sh., Malykhin V. I., Sharifullin A. A., Arkhipov K. I.Design of new installations for operation of multilayer oil wells
A multipacker installation (MPI) has been designed, which allows operating 3 or more layers separately. The device UORE-RPP has been designed that allows switching stream flows between the layers to operate only one of them, while for operating the other layer it is necessary to perform refitting of plungers. Both of the developed installations were implemented on wells of JSC “Sheshmaoil”, and positive results were achieved. A patent has been obtained.
Pavlovskaya A. V., Vishnevskaya N. S., Smeyanova V. S.Optimization of the operation modes of the natural gas heater with the intermediate coolant on the GDS with different capacities
Gas heating is a function that is responsible for the operational duration of the GDS. The gas-preheating unit is located in front of the reduction unit, further a sharp drop in temperature occurs, which subsequently leads to the formation of hydrates and the freezing of equipment, shut-off valves and piping according to the Joule-Thomson effect. In connection with the insufficient level of automation, it became necessary to improve the natural gas heating system by using an automatic control system – Gas heating Control Unit (GHCU), in which it is required to develop an algorithm by which the gas will be heated to the required temperature. In the actual part of the algorithm, data are collected from the sensors located on the GDS and comparing them with the design ones.
Dudnikov V. Y., Dudnikova S. A.The directions of the useful use of the heat of gas mixtures in the Sosnogorsk gas processing plant
This paper presents an overview of the research devoted to the problem of the creation of energy-efficient systems on the basis of useful heat of exhaust gases of gas turbine plants. Methods of optimizing the cost of heat are described. Solutions are proposed for the construction of energy-efficient systems.
Isaev A. A., Takhautdinov R. Sh., Malykhin V. I., Sharifullin A. A., Arkhipov K. I.Isolation layers and isolation of cross-flows by applying water-swellable packers
Various formulations of produced rubber, samples of which swell in various media, were investigated, analysis of well casing complications was carried out and results of field trial of water- and oil-swellable packers were obtained. Composition of a water- and oil-swellable rubber was developed based on the survey results. Introduction of swellable packers allowed decreasing water cut of wells compared to basic wells and eliminate water shut-off treatments.